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Sweden Transportations
 
 
 

General

As of 2004, the total length of highways was 424,947 km (264,050 mi), of which about 129,651 km (80,561 mi) were paved, including 1,591 km (989 mi) of expressways. As of 2000, there were 3,999,268 passenger cars and 388,763 commercial vehicles. In 1967, Sweden changed from left- to right-hand traffic. Sweden's railroad system of 11,528 (7,163 mi) is operated by the state-owned Statens Järnvagar; 7,527 (4,677 mi) of the track is electrified.

Since the 1960s, the number of ships in the merchant navy has decreased because of competition from low-cost shipping nations and, more recently, the slump in world trade. Sweden has an increasing number of special-purpose vessels, such as fruit tramps, ore carriers, and oil tankers. Most of the larger vessels, representing the majority of Sweden's commercial tonnage, are engaged in traffic that never touches home ports, and less than half of Swedish foreign trade is carried in Swedish ships. Göteborg, Stockholm and Malmö, the three largest ports, and a number of smaller ports are well-equipped to handle large ocean-going vessels. In 2007, the Swedish merchant fleet consisted of 194 ships with a combined capacity of 3,883,695 GRT. Canals in central Sweden have opened the lakes to seagoing craft; inland waterways add up to 2,052 km (1,275 mi), navigable by small steamers and barges.

In 2007 there were 250 airports, 152 with paved runways. Arlanda international airport at Stockholm received its first jet aircraft in 1960; other principal airports are Sturup at Malmö and Landvetter at Göteborg. The Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) is operated jointly by Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, each of which owns a 50% share of the company operating in its own territory; the other half in Sweden is owned by private investors. Linjeflyg, a subsidiary of SAS, operates a domestic service to most of the larger cities and resorts. In 2001, 13,354,300 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.

Overview

Airports:
250 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 152
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 75
914 to 1,523 m: 24
under 914 m: 38 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 98
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 92 (2007)

Heliports:
2 (2007)

Pipelines:
gas 798 km (2007)


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