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Sweden Communications


Sweden liberalised its telecommunication industry starting in 1980s and being formally liberalised in 1993. This was three years ahead of USA and five years before the European common policy introduced in January 1998 allowed for an open and competitive telecommunication market. The Swedes, most of who are computer literate enjoy a continuous growth in the internet market and the availability of technologies such as Metro Ethernet, fiber, satellite, WAN access technologies and even the availability of 3G services.

In 1993, the former Swedish Broadcasting Corporation was broken up and its subsidiaries became independent. One operates the two television networks, one is responsible for educational radio, and another for the four national and local radio channels and Radio Sweden, which broadcasts internationally in several languages. As of 1999, there were a total of 5 AM and 360 FM radio stations and 163 television stations.

In 2000 there were 932 radios and 574 television sets for every 1,000 people. The same year there were about 507 personal computers in use for every 1,000 people, with 29 internet service providers serving 5.6 million customers (in 2005, the number of internet users increased to 6.98 million).

In 2005, there were an estimated 6.38 million main line telephones in Sweden and an additional 9 million mobile cellular phones.


Telephones - main lines in use:
6.379 million (2005)

Telephones - mobile cellular:
9.087 million (2005)

Telephone system:
general assessment: highly developed telecommunications infrastructure; ranked among leading countries for fixed-line, mobile-cellular, Internet and broadband penetration
domestic: coaxial and multiconductor cables carry most of the voice traffic; parallel microwave radio relay systems carry some additional telephone channels
international: country code - 46; submarine cables provide links to other Nordic countries and Europe; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Eutelsat, and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions); note - Sweden shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Norway)

Radio broadcast stations:
AM 5, FM 360, shortwave 1 (1999)

Television broadcast stations:
163 (plus 1,299 repeaters) (1999)

Internet country code:

Internet hosts:
3.318 million (2007)

Internet users:
6.981 million (2006)





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